The reason students have summer off is because, in the 1800s, it was simply too hot to go to school, so students just didn’t show up anyway. Lawmakers eventually saw the sense in this and fought for a school-free summer for students.
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America’s Founding Fathers initially had no political parties because they tried to avoid the vicious fighting they’d witnessed within the British government, and they aimed to focus on electing the best candidate for presidency instead of becoming divided over greed-driven competitions. Source